Cataracts are one of the most common causes of vision loss in people over 40, and the National Eye Institute reports that most Americans over 80 have cataracts. The Eye Center offers cataract surgery for the people of Northwest Arkansas.
A cataract is clouding of the lens of the eye. People may have cataracts in one eye or in both, but they will not spread from one eye to the other. Some people are born with cataracts. Some develop cataracts from causes such as injuries, diabetes, smoking, alcohol, sun damage, and steroid use. And many people develop cataracts as they get older, even if there is no other medical reason.
Cataracts can cause many vision problems:
- Blurry vision
- Poor night vision
- Faded-looking colors
- Double vision
- Frequent prescription changes
- Glare or halos around lights
Fortunately, cataracts can be corrected with surgery. Cataract surgery is now one of the most common surgical procedures in the nation, and is responsible for dramatically improved vision for millions of Americans.
Cataract surgery involves the removal of the lens of the eye and replacement with a new lens. The lens, which is called an intraocular lens or IOL, is placed directly into the eye and it cannot be felt or seen.
There are different types of IOLs, and you should discuss your options with your Eye Center doctor. You may need standard intraocular lenses, which are designed to provide clear distance vision, or you may need IOLs that also correct presbyopia or astigmatism.
Presbyopia is a common condition in which the eye becomes less flexible and can’t focus at different distances as easily. Many people begin to find it hard to read, to focus well on their computer screens, or to do close work as they get older. Some people begin to see the effects of presbyopia in their 40s, and nearly everyone experiences presbyopia by their 60s. If you suffer from presbyopia and from cataracts, talk with your eye doctor about multifocal intraocular lenses. Multifocal IOLs can give you improved near and distance vision, while standard IOLs may mean that you still require glasses for near vision.
Patients who have both cataracts and astigmatism should discuss toric intraocular lenses with their eye doctors. Toric IOLs correct for astigmatism as well as providing clear distant vision.
The Eye Center offers a variety of packages for cataract surgery and intraocular lenses. Call or make an appointment to discuss your needs.